Guns capable of firing in a given firing arc may fire on a given ship if the target ship occupies any hex that is within the firing arc in question and within range.
Damage arcs use the same layout as firing arcs. The location hit by a gun is determined by which damage arc of the target ship that gun occupies. Bow location guns occupy the bow hex and stern guns occupy the stern hex. Port and Starboard guns occupy the bow hex for Type 1 ships, the middle hex for Type 2 and 3 ships, and the mid-forward hex for type 4 ships. Aft starboard and aft port guns (present only on Type 4 ships) occupy the mid-aft hex.